Politicians and Economic Reform in New Democracies: Argentina and the Philippines in the 1990s
Taken separately, such stimuli for change toward democracy might seem no more than fortunate happenstances. Is there a broader pattern?
Looking back, three times in modern history the world has seen efforts to replace oppressive rule with popular government. The American War of Independence, followed by the French Revolution, set off proclamations of free republics in Europe and across Latin America; but then came Napoleon's military dictatorship, traditional monarchies were restored, and the new states of Latin America soon succumbed to caudillismo or other forms of feudal or military rule.
A century later, Woodrow Wilson sought to make the world safe for democracy; the empires of Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey fell, but again the gains for nascent democracy in the successor states proved precarious.
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https://europeschool.com.ua/profiles/vifiliv/buscar-mujeres-solteras-en-houston.php Political Science. In Argentina and the Philippines, presidents proposed similar fiscal reforms in the s: expanding tax bases, strengthening tax administration, and redesigning tax revenue-sharing with subnational governments.
Drawing on archival research and interviews with policy makers, Kent Eaton follows the path of legislation in these three areas from initial proposal to final law to reveal how it was shaped by the legislators participating in the process. To test his argument further, Eaton looks finally at other kinds of reform ventured in these two countries and at tax reforms attempted in some other countries. Primarily investigating Argentina and the Philippines, but also considering other Latin American cases, Eaton shows that countries with party-centered politics are more likely to implement reform, whereas countries with candidate-centered politics are less likely.
This book makes a significant contribution by synthesizing topics legislators, party systems, bureaucracies, executive-legislative relations, and public policy and regions Latin America and Asia that are not commonly compared. His study applies a wide range of methods, from following bills through legislatures to interviewing local actors and collecting local scholarship and archival materials.
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